Saturday, June 6, 2020
Speech Editing Service Speech Editing Service In majority of High School, College or University classes students are required to give some kind of speech either as a part of the individual project or a group presentation. Individual speech is a powerful tool to influence others opinions and make your ideas stand out. Edit Your Speech with Professionals That is why it is essentially important to make it as literate and well-organized as possible. There are two basic ways to achieve this goal: one is proceeding with the speech edit on your own and the other is looking for speech editing assistance. Choosing the first option will probably result in completion of a good authentic speech, which will, however, still be bound to a number of mistakes due to the students inability to complete professional and qualified editing individually. The second option is a more preferred one as it allows a student to choose from an abundance of companies providing editing services that are out there to speech help those in need.Bookwormlab.com proudly stands out of all the online editing service providers as a writing agency, which offers speech editing services that are one of a kind. Here, at.com, we employ a team of qualified professionals, who have a handful of editing experience and will complete your speech making sure that it complies with all previously submitted requirements and instructions. Our editors will make sure that your speech text edit involves grammar and punctuation check as well as sentence structure and writing style verification. They will also analyze how well the thesis statement is being supported throughout the body of the speech as well as how persuasive the conclusion is, making any relevant suggestions as they go. You can be sure that nothing will be missed out, ensuring once again that.com is a reliable partner that can be fully trusted in the sphere of academic excellence. As a part of companys editing services we consider speech recognition editing, which is a rarely found online service, proving once again that the whole spectrum of our editing practice can impress even the most demanding customer. Bookwormlab.com provides a valuable combination of reasonable pricing and high editing quality so that our customers are always satisfied with the final result.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Esinu Abadjivor AFAS 304B Professor Machibya 30 March 2015 The Social Construction of Race The underlying characteristic of race concepts is found in its use of phenotypes and physical differences in order to gain an understanding of why there are different people that exist in the world. These differences have been used in understanding the behaviors, intellect, and the value of humans through connecting different characteristics to different classified races. Using phenotypical differences to understand certain characteristic differences is a popular theme in the theories on race. The significance of the concepts of race that have been present throughout history comes from the fact that important events in history have occurred due to these understandings and various communities or nations have incorporated these concepts into levels of government. A common example is found in slavery. Race concepts and the use of assigning certain characteristics to the Ã¢â¬ËNegroÃ¢â¬â¢ race made way for a period of time that rationalized racial slavery. Here, slaves were not insid ers, or members of the community they labored for. Instead, these slaves were from a different territory, a difficult culture with a different appearance. Their differences in appearance, specifically skin color, was a major factor in justifying their status of slavery. Furthermore, race concepts play a large role in racism. Because certain characteristics were given to different groups of people, there became aShow MoreRelatedRace And Race : The Social Construction Of Race858 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe race is an indefinite term, which has not been created from science or research, but more so the idea of what it is. Essentially, race is all about perception. One person may separate races based on a certain category of traits while another person uses totally different guidelines to define what races there are. Race has ultimately been created socially, therefor has no biological components until people connect the two terms. This paper examines the connection between society and ra ce whileRead MoreRace As A Social Construction1679 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlisha Sparks Dr. Stanley POLS 24 November 2015 Race as a Social Construction When we talk about race, what are we really talking about? The issue of race is a complex issue, with socially ambiguous undertones that have plagued our society for decades. Race has been a marker and maker of stereotypes. Race has been used as a justification for injustice. Whether slavery, Japanese internment, or social and economic exclusion, race has given an avenue for those in power to exclude ones deemed Ã¢â¬ËotherÃ¢â¬â¢Read MoreThe Social Construction Of Race1242 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfoundation for what appears to be the social construction of race. Somewhere along the lines, eugenics became more about isolating certain human characteristics, like skin color, and relegating them to a hierarchy of societal importance (Norrgard, 2008). Race is simply defined as a pattern-based concept that allows for the general public to draw conclusions based on an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s geographical location and thereby predetermining their inclusion into a particular social group (Yudel l, et al., 2016) TheRead MoreRace As A Social Construction822 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswhat is race? The term race is difficult to define as a result of the belief that it is Ã¢â¬Å"racistÃ¢â¬ to talk about race. Although how do we know what race is if we do not discuss it within society. After much thought I defined race as an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s background that may be used to describe their ancestorÃ¢â¬â¢s demographics as well as their religion. However, today people tend to put more emphasis on race being the color of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s skin. As discussed in class society does not understand what race is,Read MoreThe Social Construction Of Race1743 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn The Social Construction of Race, Ian F. Haney Lopez defines race as a social construct that is constantly changing its meaning due to the fickle nature of society. Lopez believes that this fickleness stems from a social climate formed by a variety of factors such as human economic interest, current events , and ideology. There are certain racial definitions however, that have remained mostly the same despite efforts to bring attention to the offensiveness and immorality of such discriminatory thinkingRead MoreThe Social Construction Of Race1638 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstupid immoral, diseased, lazy, incompetent, and dangerous to the white manÃ¢â¬â¢s virtue and social order Ã¢â¬Å"(p.181). Blackness have become objectified in public spaces, they are view as a threat on the street of Toronto, surrounding areas and even in the criminal justice system. In fact this negative stereotype of criminalization have put Black males under scrutiny and constant surveillance. The social construction of race by the dominant belief system are still embedded in society that capitalized on minoritiesRead MoreRace As A Social Construction966 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRace is a concept only existing in societies with systems of oppression based on social racism. In chapter eleven: Inequality, they discuss ho w, Ã¢â¬Å"There is nothing intrinsic about, for example, any racial or ethnic group that makes it distinct from any other; race and ethnicity are dynamic, fluid categories that are socially definedÃ¢â¬ (Ritzer). The oppression of Ã¢â¬Å"superiorÃ¢â¬ groups demonstrates on Ã¢â¬Å"inferiorÃ¢â¬ groups is one consequence of race as a social construction, which is to have oneÃ¢â¬â¢s identity reducedRead MoreRace Is A Social Construction1074 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe term Ã¢â¬Å"raceÃ¢â¬ should not be used. Scholars and others argue that the term Ã¢â¬Å"raceÃ¢â¬ should not be used because there is no biological basis for the concept of race. Geneticists have determined that code for physical traits (the key distinguishing characteristic for Ã¢â¬Å"raceÃ¢â¬ ) are inherited independently of one another. Any attempts there have been to define race based on genes are futile, because there is no set of genes that everyone within the Ã¢â¬Å"raceÃ¢â¬ has. Scholars argue that race is a social constructionRead MoreSocial Construction of Race1867 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThere is perhaps no bigger and more expansive social construction known to man than the construction of race. In earlier times race meant a tie to national origin, Greek race, Roman race, etc. race underwent a big change in meaning to itÃ¢â¬â¢s more contemporary form to distinguish biological differences of physical features and skin color (Wiegman 157). Film and television in this century and the twentieth century have aided and perpetuated stereotypes of race. These stereotypes have been most associatedRead MoreSocial Construction of Race1418 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Use of Humor to Poke Fun at the Social Construction of Class: Illustrated in the Film The Jerk through Navin Johnson Money does not last forever. All the money in the world can become the reason why people change their personality and behavior. In the film The Jerk by Carl Reiner, a complete moron struggles to make it through life on his own, until a bizarre invention makes him unbelievably a wealthy man. Navin grew up in Mississippi as an adopted son of a black family, but on his birthday
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Organizational Culture at Apple Inc Introduction Apple Inc. is a global computer manufacturing company that is going through majo r changes in its organizational culture and itÃ¢â¬â¢s organizational structure due to several events of the past few years. This is a company that grew extremely fas t in little time, that their management found themselves not being able to keep their operations and finances under control. Apple Inc. has been forced to reeva luate and redesign itÃ¢â¬â¢s organizational culture and organizational structure to a void bankruptcy. The organizational culture of Apple is one of change; with the drive to outperfo rm and succeed as their major objectives. The organizational structure of the co mpany has also transformed to be moreÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In a circumstance like this, it is to be determined how an honest employee who had known about the theft and misdee d towards Bill should react in an organizational setting depending on the employ ee s own values, perception and personality(Sagie Elizur, 2002 pp.503-14). Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy Self-Esteem is a personal judgment of ones worth and the satisfaction or dissatisfaction with ones own self. By this definition Self-Esteem is how each individual person views them selves as a person both mentality and physically. A ccording to William James, a psychologist, self esteem involves only one mental perception of their own qualities and their physical apperance (Glinow, 2003, pp 189-67). Self esteem plays Ã®â¬â¬n important role of who people are Ã®â¬â¬nd starts at Ã®â¬â¬ very young age. There are both positives Ã®â¬â¬nd negative cycles of self esteem. Sel f esteem is thÃ®â¬ one of thÃ®â¬ most important aspects in psychology because it can e ither give confidence or accept defeat (Offermann Spiros, 2001, pp.376-92). Similarly Self-efficacy is Ã®â¬â¬ mechanism that explains Ã®â¬â¬n individualÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior Ã®â¬â¬n d perceived capability to perform Ã®â¬â¬ behavior. It is associated with Ã®â¬â¬ positive s elf-concept, Ã®â¬â¬nd self-appraisal. It is thÃ®â¬ personal control that comes from mast ering new experiences with anticipation of successful performance (Schiffman et al,Show MoreRelatedApple Inc. - Organization Culture and Change1180 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesManaging Organization Change Course Project Draft - Prepared By: Preferred Organization: Apple Inc. - Organization Culture and Change Introduction/Organization: In this draft, we would like to discuss about Apple Inc.Ã¢â¬â¢s organization culture and major organization change happened in the organization and analysis of a successful organization change. Every organization has a culture of its own. And every organization undergoes organization change depending on the situation, change processRead MoreAddressing Power And Political Struggles On Organizational Culture1628 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEmpowerment A healthy organizational culture paves the way for cohesiveness and productivity. At times, companies will face the reality of power and political struggles due to competing individual interests. These struggles can create unhealthy organizational culture that prevents a business from being efficient and effective and thwart creativity. This is detrimental to businesses that thrive on creativity and innovation. This paper begins with an introduction of Apple Inc. and the leadership roleRead MoreApple Inc, By Steven Wozniak Essay1213 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesApple Inc. was founded by Steven Jobs and Steven Wozniak in 1976 by selling a designer personal computer, called the Apple 1. Through technology Steven Jobs and Steven Wozniak were able to introduce a mass-produced personal computer called the Apple 2, which was the first color display. With the Apple 2 being a success the partner upcoming revision of the product line was the Macintosh (Mac), a user-friendly product that allows users to interact with screen images rather than text commands. TheRead MoreMarketing Plan for Apple Inc996 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMarketing Plan for Apple Inc Introduction Apple Inc. designs, manufactures, and sells personal computers, computer accessories and computer related software. The company also offers peripherals, networking solutions and other related services. Additionally, Apple computers designs, builds, and markets a wide array of portable digital music players, telecommunication devices alongside related accessories and services (Cameron Quinn 2011, p 288). Apple Inc owes its recent successRead MoreOrganizational Culture : Business Practices1011 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Does Organisational Culture Shape Ethical Business Practices? U5009333 Sarah Zuiderduin 14/10/2014 Ã¢â¬Æ' Introduction Organisation culture can be described as the beliefs, customs, value systems and behavioural norms and ways of doing business that are unique to each corporation. The impact of organisational culture on the ethical standards and moral practices of people in organisations has become increasingly common (Fisse Braithwaite, 1983). Managers within organisationsRead MoreApple Inc. Strategy Formulation1720 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction In this project I am going to describe the Strategic and Marketing Plan of Apple Inc, Which is the biggest consumer electronics provider in the world. It provides wide range of consumer electronics in the market like MAC computers, IPOD, I Phone, LAPTOP, IPAD. It has about 49,400 employs and over 240 Retails Store all around the world wide out of it 218 are in US and 24 in UK rest in other countries. I personally think that before studying the strategy of any organization we need toRead MoreApple Organizational Analysis1013 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¯ » ¿APPLE INC. Introduction Apple Inc. is an American multinational corporation headquartered in California. It designs, develops and sells consumer electronics, computer software and personal computers. The company was founded on April 1, 1976 by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne. Strategy AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s strategy has always revolved around innovation and creating a high-performance culture, through which it achieves and sustains its competitive advantage. MISSION STATEMENT Ã¢â¬Å"Apple isRead MoreEssay on Assignment 1 Social Performance1380 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof Apple, and identify two (2) key factors in the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s external environment that can affect its success. Provide explanation to support the rationale. Apple Inc. is a well-known computer manufacturer, smartphone and digital devices device maker. Company have made strong roots in the computing market since its beginning itsÃ¢â¬â¢ all, because of its maintained quality which have been continuously delivering to its valuable customers, Apple (2012). The firm was formerly known asÃ Apple ComputerRead MoreInternal External Factors - Apple Inc.1403 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFactors IntroductionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. Innovation Innovation is an internal factor of business that has served as the cornerstone for AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s success as a technology giant. Ã¢â¬Å"Arguably one of the most innovative technology companies to emerge in the last three decades,Ã¢â¬ Apple has masterfully applied the four functions of management to their business strategy (Finkle and Mallin, 2011, p. 63). The first function, planning, focuses on the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s strategy to set out and achieve their organizational goals. Read MoreEffective Leadership Skills Showed By Steve Jobs1293 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJobs over a supported timeframe and the turnaround that Apple had experienced under his vision and orders. Steve Jobs played a very important role in leadership that led Apple from a company, which was founded in a car-garage to a great Macintosh Pcs, iPod, iPhone and iPad. The report will additionally break down and look at the key administrative and initiative abilities that Steve Jobs aced that prompted to the grand develop ment of Apple as an association. Table of Contents
Bowling for Columbine Introduction When I first heard the name of the film; Ã¢â¬ËBowling for ColumbineÃ¢â¬â¢, I thought this was a movie only about the Columbine High School Massacre in year 1999. I was wrong about it. This movie is much more than that; he dug for the truth Ã¢â¬â how come the massacre happened. I will be focusing on how the movie is build up, how he gets the attention, because I have never seen anything a exciting documentary before. Main Ideas In this documentary it is the real view of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s gun problem. We are going to hear the blames, but there is not really any too blame. The Americans thinks it is easy to blame others, I agree too, but they are the problem, or at least the gun law. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s irresponsible of the government, and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s one of the things something this movie poses. Ã¢â¬ËBowling for ColumbineÃ¢â¬â¢ is about everything from guns, too racism, too the NRA and heavy rock nÃ¢â¬â¢ roll. In the film we see the town of Virgin Utah passed a law requiring all residents to posse firearms but why would you want more guns? Because the media induced fear that without a gun you will become the victim of someone with one if you dont. Who benefits from this fear? Well first gun manufacturers, As weve seen with the massive amounts of guns purchased following the tragedies of Columbine and Sandy Hook. Second would be the media, People tuning in to the news or talk shows or even buying a printed publication to read about the latest tragedy. Third would be defense manufacturers, People buying bullet proof jackets or bullet proof backpacks for their kids or even schools buying metal detectors. And finally the government, By keeping the public fearful it makes them predictable and therefore easier to control. And why would these companies and organizations want us to remain ignorant and fearful? Because of money. If you are fearful that your neighbor might harm you or your family then your more likely to run out and purchase a gun or home security system therefore generating huge profits for those keeping us fearful. If you think another country might do us harm you are more willing to go along with spending increases for the military without any hard proof. A government report comes out about increases in crime in your area and how more police are needed and they convince you to vote for tax increases to pay for these. This leads to reinforced ideas like dont tread on me or an eye for an eye, If someone might do me or my family harm then I need to defend them. This has a legitimizing effect because unless guns are removed or the media stops reporting mainly negative and violent news people will continue to do each other harm. Even without the media stirring up fear there will still be violence and crime but would there be such high levels of violent crime? Personally I dont believe there would be. Did this tragedy spark a moral panic? Yes and its evident in almost every high school in America these days. When I was in high school you could leave the campus at any time you wanted and during lunch time many students did. These days most high schools have a closed campus so you cant leave for lunch or at any time you choose. In some schools they have cameras everywhere as well as metal detectors and security guards. In the past if a student joked about doing something horriffic, Like shooting up the school, Most kids laughed and didnt take it seriously but today you could be expelled for it. You could even been expelled for something ridiculous like dyeing your hair blue or folding a piece of paper into the shape of a gun and pointing it at someone. I feel that this tragedy has started some serious discussions about gun control and violence in our society but until we reign in the media and hold those accountable for the massive levels of violence in the news, movies, tv, video games, and American life in general no ground will be made. In todays society we often forget about tragedies almost as quickly as they happened because of the next latest horrible event we are fed by the media.
Sunday, April 19, 2020
International Law International law is the body of legal rules that apply between sovereign states and such other entities as have been granted international personality (status acknowledged by the international community). The rules of international law are of a normative character, that is, they prescribe towards conduct, and are potentially designed for authoritative interpretation by an international judicial authority and by being capable of enforcement by the application of external sanctions. The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, which succeeded the Permanent Court of International Justice after World War II. Article 92 of the charter of the United Nations states: The International Court of justice shall be the principal judicial organ of the United nations. It shall function in accordance with the annexed Statute, which is based upon the Statute of the Permanent court of International Justice and forms an integral part of the present Charter. The commands of international law must be those that the states impose upon themselves, as states must give consent to the commands that they will follow. It is a direct expression of raison d'etat, the interests of the state, and aims to serve the state, as well as protect the state by giving its rights and duties. This is done through treaties and other consensual engagements which are legally binding. The case-law of the ICJ is an important aspect of the UN's contribution to the development of international law. It's judgements and advisory opinions permeates into the international legal community not only through its decisions as such but through the wider implications of its methodology and reasoning. The successful resolution of the border dispute between Burkina Faso and Mali in the 1986 Frontier Dispute case illustrates the utility of judicial decision as a means of settlement in territorial disputes. The case was submitted to a Chamber of the ICJ pursuant to a special agreement concluded by the parties in 1983. In December 1985, while written submissions were being prepared, hostilities broke out in the disputed area. A cease-fire was agreed, and the Chamber directed the continued observance of the cease-fire, the withdrawal of troops within twenty days, and the avoidance of actions tending to aggravate the dispute or prejudice its eventual resolution. Both Presidents publicly welcomed the judgement and indicated their intention to comply with it. In the Fisheries Jurisdiction case (United Kingdom v. Iceland , 1974) the ICJ contributed to the firm establishment in law of the idea that mankind needs to conserve the living resources of the sea and must respect these resources. The Court observed: It is one of the advances in maritime international law, resulting from the intensification of fishing, that the former laissez-faire treatment ofthe living resources of the sea in the high seas has been replaced by a recognition of a duty to have due regard of the rights of other States and the needs of conservation for the benefit of all. Consequently, both parties have the obligation to keep inder review the fishery resources in the disputed waters and to examine together, in the light of scientific and other available information, the measures required for the conservation and development, and equitable exploitation, of these resources, taking into account any international agreement in force between them, such as the North-East Atlantic Fisheries Convention of 24 January 1959, as well as such other agreements as may be reached in the matter in the course of further negotiation. The Court also held that the concept of preferential rights in fisheries is not static. This is not to say that the preferential rights of a coastal State in a special situation are a static concept, in the sense that the degree of the coastal State's preference is to be considered as for ever at some given moment. On the contrary, the preferential rights are a function of the exceptional dependence of such a coastal State on the fisheries in adjacent waters and may, therefore, vary as the extent of that dependence changes. The Court's judgement on this case contributes to the development of the law of the sea by recognizing the concept of the preferential rights of a coastal state in the fisheries of the adjacent waters, particularly if that state is in
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Role of Hrm in Manufacturing Company Essay Example Role of Hrm in Manufacturing Company Essay Role of Hrm in Manufacturing Company Essay ASSESSMENT 2: ESSAY This essay will evaluate the role of Human Resource Management in a manufacturing company. This will include a critical assessment of three functions being Recruitment, Selection and Employee Turnover function which are vital to the achievement of estimated goals. Being appointed as the Head of HRM by the General Manager of ABC company, certain problems are to be addressed such as poor matching of new personnel to their job and rising levels of staff turnover. This essay will also point out certain aspects and changes which may be required by the company to retain employees reduce cost and increase profitability if considered. The main aim of recruitment is to ensure that the organization is adequately and effectively staffed at all times. The next step involves matching the suitable applicants to the jobs in the organization followed by the selection function. It is mandatory for Organizations to make the best of their recruiting practices because, in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s increasingly market-based human resource management (HRM), effective recruitment is likely to be the Ã¢â¬Ëmost critical human resource function for organizational success and survivalÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"(Taylor and Collins 2000: 304). Another definition that throws light on the essence of Recruitment can be quoted as Ã¢â¬Ëthose practices and activities carried out by the organization with the primary purpose of identifying and attracting potential employeesÃ¢â¬â¢(Barber 1998 : 5). This definition highlights the important difference between two HR functions that are difficult to distinguish, namely recruitment and selection. An Overall recruitment policy and a number of processes need to be in place to determine overall outcomes for the organization before effective recruiting can take place. Recruiting should always involve analyzing the position to be filled, the person to fill it, writing a job description and person specification, and analyzing the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s short, medium and long term needs and goals. It is essential that the requirements of the job are thoroughly understood through the process of job analysis. The success of recruitment can be measured in terms of diversity. For example, Bola M. Ogun (2004) examined the positive effect of encouraging diversity in the workplace wherein the best would be recruited not only to complete the task in hand but also add to the competitive advantage of the firm. In order to sustain long term profitability and growth, the firm should invest in assessment and retention of personnel. Authors have argued that organization-employee fit is a two-way street and thereby understanding, effective communication and rewards are the important issues to be addressed here. Another type of explanation is the positive effect of recruitment on the profitability of a firm. For example, Terpstra and Rozell (1993) argues that the firms that analyzed recruiting sources for their effectiveness in generating high-performance applicants had greater annual profitability especially in manufacturing industries. They suggest that this in depth analysis has a positive effect with generating profit in the industry. It would appear that Terpstra and RozellÃ¢â¬â¢s explanation cannot be accounted for the cost involved in taking a decision to choose among the recruiting sources in consideration of the performance, culture and diversity. There is however, a positive relation between the annual profit and the budgetary cost to be incurred in the analysis. Another type of explanation is one that produces no connection between recruitment function and a Profitable organization. For example, Rynes and Cable( cited in Recruitment Strategy,2007) argues the absence of any studies investigating the effect of the fit between recruitment and organizational effectiveness and descriptive research can be used to speculate about the possibly strategic imperative of such context-aligned recruitment practices. The problem with this argument however, is that it does not consider the fact that recruitment process is part of the cycle of an effective and efficient organization in terms of tapping into the market for qualified personnel. In addition, Barber and her colleagues (1999) argues that the organizational size determines recruitment success. This may be due to the fact that the Recruitment and Selection function would be scrutinized from the beginning as re-hiring and re-training of new employees can be costly and ineffective for large industries. It is safe to point out that the work in large especially manufacturing industries does not require exceptional skill. However, Job security might be an issue if legal requirements are not fulfilled. It is worth pointing out that human resource management supports goals pre-determined by the organization by providing crucial services for the benefit of the personnel in the organization. This can be explained by an example, Koch and McGrath (1996) argued how the capital intensity of a firm might positively interact with HR (including recruitment) planning to bring about increased labor productivity. Koch and McGrath are right; however it is necessary to stress the importance of recruitment planning and assessment in capital-intensive industries. Prior to recruiting, the company should ensure that labor laws, laws on dismissal and legislation are complied with. In HRM, the Selection function is by far the most challenging task to be carried out on the basis of effective principles. Human Resource function can provide value to an organization in cognition to the objectives of staffing and personnel placement and making available specific human resources guiding principles, processes and techniques, directed towards the accomplishment of these objectives. In order to determine the extent of Ã¢â¬ËfitÃ¢â¬â¢ of personnel in the organization, provide standards to base and evaluate the capabilities of applicants and scrutinize the selection process clear and specific objectives for selection and personnel placement are required. The company image can play a major role during the selection process. An applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s view point of the firm also matters during the procedure as a positive or negative image of the Firm becomes viable. Final selection can be made more reliable by regularly reviewing the recruitment procedure. In order to deal with problems during the process, Reference and credential checking are effectively carried out. To select the right person considered fit for the job, HRM is required to conduct a Job Analysis which refers to the identification, collection, synthesizing, understanding and application of job related data. The job analysis process has three pivotal components based on its outcome for both the manager and employee. These elements include Job profile, Job requirements and People relations. The key to achieve consistent quality and productivity is to provide a feasible working environment to the employees. The overall culture of the organization is connected to its employee satisfaction, performance and turnover. Turnover includes both Voluntary and Involuntary Turnover. The main cause of voluntary turnover or the need to quit can be due to the receipt of negative feedback in informal performance check by the management or threat to job security. Involuntary instances occur when the employee has no say in the termination of his duties. Although it is unrealistic to achieve a turnover of zero percent however, a high turnover can have a negative effect on the organization as it is the case of ABC company. There can be a number of causes to a high turnover, although in this case it can be on the grounds of the existence of a communication gap between the manager and the newly hired personnel. For example, Mushrush (2002) argues that causes of turnover are varied which may include, Ã¢â¬Å"high stress, working conditions, monotony, poor supervision, poor fit between the employee and the job, inadequate training, poor communications, and organization practicesÃ¢â¬ . As a result of this, the manager has a duty to ensure proper training and development and a feasible working environment is provided. Moreover, an Overview of Employee Turnover Research (2006) indicates that there are costs involved in replacing existing employees, recruiting replacements, new-hire training and unemployment insurance which can be of a prime concern here. Although our main focus is to retain new employees, there is a possibility of employees abandoning their jobs due to a time lag between identifying the appropriate role of the employee and re-training him. Retention, not only includes re-training and analyzing roles but also reassuring the employees of the company. As illustrated by Levine, fear of losing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s job can be categorized as another cause for turnover wherein constant encouragement and support from the management is necessary to prove that Ã¢â¬Å"their career is not at risk by staying with the companyÃ¢â¬ (n. d) A company that understands the needs and reasons of its employees are more likely to reduce turnover and save cost on re-hiring. However, it can be argued that the high staff turnover may be a product of the conduct of the employees as well. For example, Meyer, Stanely, Herscovitch, Topolnytsky, (2006) argues that an individual can have an impact on the turnover rates by putting forward Ã¢â¬Å"unrealistic expectationsÃ¢â¬ or lack of performance. Meyer et al. (2006) offers a valid explanation in terms of examining every aspect of the abnormal rise. The obvious way to reduce turnover would be to instill flexibility, training and reducing the communication gap within the organization. Employees are to be reassured and retrained in this case to fit their qualities with their roles. There is a strong requirement for investment in training which is supported by Zig Ziglar who emphasizes that Ã¢â¬Å"When an employer invests in employees with training, they return with more productivity and more loyaltyÃ¢â¬ (Love, 1998). As a result of this, the organization along with its personnel grows in a productive manner. Being the HR manager, for ABC Company a solution is to be sought out to deal with the HR functions at a policy level and actual HR level. Human Resource strategies are required to ideally suit the needs of the manufacturing company. Inconsistent application of HR policies can leave the organization open to legal challenges, increased costs and turnover along with reduced morale. There is evidence of poor matching of skills of new employees with their work roles. To face this problem head on, an accurate account of employment data for all the employees in the organization is to be maintained. This can be owed to the unawareness of the entity of its current staff needs and skills. At a Policy level, a strategic change outlining the objectives of the organization and consequential imbalances in skills to job of personnel is to be identified wherein at an actual level, maintenance of promotion potential, experience information and career data of personnel would act as a source for identifying shortages and surpluses in the operational plans of the organization. Action plans that include training and development, relocation and time frame for implementation are devised. These Action plans are then required to be monitored to ensure achievement of pre-described goals. The Recruitment function would help in attracting the qualified personnel considered Ã¢â¬ËfitÃ¢â¬â¢ for the job in the organization. At a policy level, internal versus external recruitment and agencies can be considered to find the right personnel to match the job requirements. At an actual HR level, cost of further recruitment might be unnecessary however, effective communication of the recruiting function to the authorized persons of the organization can provide a strong foundation to avoid future problems. Identification of the roles of the current personnel along with a written description of the job process, duties, terms and conditions is to be documented and filed. At the policy level, Selection function plays a fundamental role in identifying the key attributes required from a person recruited to fit the job/duty efficiently. Selection can be effectively executed based on the qualities, type and level of work needed to achieve perceived goals of the organization. In regards to the Actual level, the selection function would be based on the documented description of the requirements of personnel available to the recruiters. At the policy level, Employee turnover function can be reduced by the provision of extensive training and development program, fair working environment, incentives and bonuses. At the Actual level, effective communication with the personnel is essential along with providing a feasible and flexible working condition. Rising Staff turnover can be owed to the fact of poor fit of employee with job, poor guidance and ineffective communication of tasks. An extensive training and development program can hone the skills of the required personnel to fit their job It is difficult to offer a stipulated time period wherein the policy goals can be achieved due to an uncertain outlook of ABC Company. However, a written documentation with complete data, qualifications, availability, experience of the personnel and all other relevant data can be completed within a time span of 3-4 months. Moreover, training of the new personnel to acquaint them with the required duties is to be carried out immediately which can be assumed to span once every 3 weeks for a period of 2 months. Extensive re-training can then be provided every 6 months to keep up with technology and development in the market. Apart from framing policies, there is a need to understand the behavior and total outlook of the company. In reference to Labor Mobility in Australia(Refer Appendix 1) Manufacturing Industry has less than 12% of employees shifting from the Industry as compared to Mining which has the highest Labor Mobility of 21. 6%. Keeping this in mind, voluntary turnover might not pose an issue in this company. Employee turnover is beneficial in some companies, however in the manufacturing industry stability in terms of Job performance and Employee satisfaction is beneficial. Finally it is worth pointing out that, according to research, Management must understand the value of quality staffing throughout the organization, and proper care is taken to ensure an individual fit their roles in the organization to ensure long term productivity. This essay also illustrates the importance of HRM to bring about a balance in the organization by increasing staff satisfaction, reducing turnover and increasing organizational productivity. Each policy level and actual level goal has a timeframe for execution which can be accurately estimated after consultation with the Management of ABC Company. REFERENCE LIST Beach,R, Brereton,,D, Cliff,D,2003, Ã¢â¬ËWorkforce turnover in FIFO mining Operations in Australia: An Exploratory StudyÃ¢â¬â¢, Retrieved on 24th Oct 2010 from: www. csrm. uq. edu. au/docs/TURN_FINAL. pdf Cable, DM, Turban, DB, 2001, Establishing the Dimensions, Sources and values of job seekersÃ¢â¬â¢ Employer Knowledge during Recruitment, Ã¢â¬ËResearch in Personnel and Human Resource ManagementÃ¢â¬â¢ , Vol 20,pg115-163. Khan, S 1991, Selection and placement, Volume 1,Issue 4 Retrieved on 20th October 2010 Levine, T, 1998, Ã¢â¬ËHow to Reduce Employee TurnoverÃ¢â¬â¢ Retrieved on Oct 23rd, 2010 from: nettemps. com/employers/hrcorner/printer. htm? id=21pf=1 Love, T. 1998, Ã¢â¬ËTraining can Relics [sic] Employee TurnoverReducing employee turnoverÃ¢â¬â¢. Retrieved on Oct 23rd 2010 from: http://findarticles. com/p/articles/mi_m1154/is_n8_v86/ai_20934425 Meyer, J, Stanely, D, Herscovitch, L, Topolnytsky, L, 2006,Ã¢â¬ËOverview of Employee Turnover ResearchÃ¢â¬â¢, SIGMA Assessment Systems. Retrieved on Oct 23rd, 2010 rom: sigmaassessmentsystems. com/articles/empturnover. asp Morley,MJ,2007, Person Organization fit, Ã¢â¬ËJournal of Managerial PsychologyÃ¢â¬â¢ Vol 22,No. 2,pp109-117. Retrieved from: www. emeraldinsight. com/0268-3946. htm Mushrush, W. ,2002, Ã¢â¬ËReducing Employee TurnoverÃ¢â¬â¢-Creating Quality Newsletter, 11(5). Retrieved on Oct 23rd 2010 from: missouribusiness. net/cq/ 2002/reducing_employee_turnover. asp Orlitzky,M. 2007,Ã¢â¬â¢Recruitment StrategyÃ¢â¬â¢,Oxford Handbook of Human Resource Management,Boxall,P,Purcell,J,Wright,P,Oxford University Press,New York,pp273-299. Tipper,J, 2004, How to increase diversity through your recruitment practices, Vol 36, No. 4 pp 158-161. Retrieved on 23rd Oct 2010 from: www. emeraldinsight. com/0019-7858. htm Zeffane,R. 1994,Ã¢â¬â¢Understanding Employee Turnover: The Need for a Contingency Approach, vol 15,no. 9. Zimmerman, RD, Darnold,TC, 2007, Ã¢â¬ËThe impact of job performance on employee turnover intentions and the voluntary turnover process-A meta-analysis and path modelÃ¢â¬â¢ retrieved on 23rd Oct 2010 from www. emeraldinsight. com/0048-3486. htm APPENDIX Figure 1: Labor mobility by industry, Australia www. csrm. uq. edu. au/docs/TURN_FINAL. pdf
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Creating a Culture of Professionalism among Students, Faculty and Staff - Research Paper Example It is mainly known as a historically black university comprising of a unique culture and ethnicity. It also comprise of a Carnegie Classification of Institutions for Higher Educational requirements like: research activity (Howard University, n. d.). It is such a type of institution comprising of experienced and dynamic faculties presenting quality education since 1867 to its students so as to retain its image worldwide. Along with this, they also desire to maintain a professional relationship within its students and faculties so that a professional bounding can be maintained. Moreover, the aim of the university is to connect the life of the students with their minds, the heart of a tradition, and the soul of a students and staffs (Howard University, n. d.). Key objective of this study is to highlight the positive impacts of professionalism culture among students, faculties and staffs so as to improve organizational performance and image. Apart from this, it also tries to highlight th e effectiveness of finance and operational decisions regarding the enhancement of the University in long run (Howard University, n. d.). Road Map of the plan of implementing computer training program in Howard University Source: (Kasar &Clark, 2000). ... Not only this, it might also help to create such a friendly type of environment that may be best for the students of all castes and creeds (Kasar &Clark, 2000). Stakeholder Analysis The stakeholders that might get engaged in such a planning program of developing a professional environment within all the staffs, faculties and students of the Howard University are foundation members, board of trustees, staffs, teachers, parents and students. Such type of a planning might become successful only with proper coordination and communication among them in order to fulfill the objectives. For example: Orientation program in the university for the introduction of computer trainings for the students performing researches to improve their technical knowledge and skills on the relevant topics. However, it might be possible only if the relevant teachers offer high level of guidance to these students. With the help of such coordinated efforts, the culture of professionalism may be visualized within all the members and faculties (Kasar &Clark, 2000). Project Requirements In order to implement the computer training program for the research associates, varied types of hardware and new software are essential. Apart from this, an efficient teacher is also essential to guide the students in the proper way. So that it might lead to successful result in the long run. For example: If the students comprising of laptops bring them, at the time of coaching classes, then it might prove effective in reducing the purchase of computers for the university. Then it might be extremely helpful in reducing the financial cost of the organization thereby enhancing its image among other rival colleges. However, this may be possible only if the students and faculties of the university of